Mushroom Growing Walkthrough - PF-TEK For the Absolute Beginner

Discussion in 'Hallucinatory Substances' started by malbulja, Feb 25, 2009.

  1.  
    malbulja

    malbulja Well-Known Member

    Whether it's people asking me for shrooms, spores, or how to make mushrooms I have decided to answer these questions with a simple to follow guide.

    Yes, you too can grow mushrooms! It's so easy, a caveman can do it!

    Without further ado... let's begin.

    Post Index:

    Materials Needed
    Preparing the Substrate
    Sterilization
    Inoculation
    Incubation
    The Terrarium
    Birthing The Cakes
    Harvesting


    Please Feel Free to Comment and Contribute. Sticky?

    DOWNLOAD THE PRINTABLE PDF VERSION

    Videos:
    Mushrooms Growing Made Easy
    Lets Grow Mushrooms!

    Spores:
    Sporeworks.com
    Ralphster's Spores

    Boards:
    Shroomery.org
    Drugs Forum

    ENJOY! PLEASE USE THIS KNOWLEDGE RESPONSIBLY (OR TO GROW SHITAKE OR PORTEBELLOS!)
    victozap likes this.
  2.  
    malbulja

    malbulja Well-Known Member

    1. 12 Canning Jars (250ml) – Make sure the opening is tapered
    2. Pressure Cooker (or large boiling pot)
    3. Plastic Sterlite Tub – Mine is 16” long, 12” deep
    4. Perlite
    5. Vermiculite
    6. Natural Brown Rice
    7. Spores
    8. Distilled Water (or treated water)

    Figure 1: The basic materials needed

    Attached Files:

  3.  
    malbulja

    malbulja Well-Known Member

    1. Use a coffee grinder to grind up your natural brown rice into flour (or you can use brown rice flour if available to you).

    2. Set aside a large bowl to mix your substrate.

    3. Mix ingredients in the bowl based on how many jars you’re filling (see chart below).

    4. Fill each jar according to the chart below, leaving ½ inch at the top empty. Don’t pack it down; be sure the substrate is loose.

    5. Fill the last ½ inch with plain dry vermiculite. This will act as a contamination barrier.

    1 250ml Jar
    * 3/4 c vermiculite
    * 1/4 c brown rice flour
    * 1/4 c water

    12 250ml Jars
    * 9 c vermiculite
    * 3 c brown rice flour
    * 3 c water

    6. You can either place aluminum foil over the jars, or you can turn each lid upside down and use a hammer and nail to create inoculation holes in the lid.

    Figure 2: Both types of lids are being used; hammered and tin foil


    Attached Files:

  4.  
    malbulja

    malbulja Well-Known Member

    1. Put as many substrate jars into your pressure cooker that can fit, stacking if needed. Be sure to read the directions on your pressure cooker!

    2. You can also use a big boiling pot but be sure the substrate jars are not coming in contact directly with the heating element!

    3. Be sure to add water; cook jars for 1 hour at 250F/15 P.S.I.

    4. Remove from heat and allow to cool for a few hours (preferably overnight)
  5.  
    malbulja

    malbulja Well-Known Member

    This is the most important step in the entire process. Most grows fail due to contamination at this stage. Be sure to where gloves, surgical mouth cover, and bleach the area thoroughly.

    1. Remove the jars from the pressure cooker

    2. Remove the syringe from the shipping packaging

    3. Strongly shake up the syringe to mix up the spores

    4. Remove the needle cap and if you have an alcohol lamp, flame the tip. If not, then do your injections quickly trying your hardest not to breathe anywhere near the needle and don’t let the needle touch anything.

    5. Angle the needle tip into the jar so that the tip touches the side of the jar and the spores run down the jar when injected.

    6. Inject 1/2ml of solution into each hole, giving each jar 2 injections (1 on each side of the jar).
  6.  
    malbulja

    malbulja Well-Known Member

    1. Put the inoculated jars into a container (preferably their original box)

    2. Place the jars in a warm, dark place such as a black trash bag on top of a fridge or a bag in an entertainment center.

    Figure 3: Inoculated substrate jars placed in a beach bag inside an entertainment center


    3. Allow the jars to incubate between 70F-90F, with the ideal temperature being 86F.

    4. The jars should take 10-15 days to fully colonize at 86F but can take 30+ days at lower temperatures.

    5. Check the jars every 3-4 days for healthy mycelium growth. The mycelium should be stringy white. If you discover any non-white or “poofy” growth or smell anything odorous, then the jar is contaminated and must be thrown away immediately. The first sign of mycelia growth should appear in about 6 days.

    Figure 4: Healthy mycelium growth.

    6. Once the jars are fully colonized, or the entire substrate is white, it’s wise to allow an extra week of incubation so the mycelia can strengthen. This ensures that areas inside the center of the substrate are colonized as well.

    Attached Files:

  7.  
    malbulja

    malbulja Well-Known Member

    While the jars are incubating, build your terrarium. This is the high humidity chamber that you will use to fruit the cakes. Just get a clear Sterlite plastic tub and drill holes in it on all 4 sides, and the top and bottom.

    Figure 5: Simple Terrarium w/ drilled holes, perlite base, and thermometer


    1. Make your terrarium from a clear plastic tote by drilling holes on all sides.

    2. Pour 2 inches or so of Perlite into the terrarium.

    3. Put the terrarium under a water hose and soak down the Perlite.

    4. Allow the Perlite to dry out for a few hours and put the lid on it.


    The terrarium MUST maintain around 100% humidity for the mushrooms to grow. Luckily, the Perlite base will keep the terrarium at the desired level for weeks at a time.

    Attached Files:

  8.  
    malbulja

    malbulja Well-Known Member

    After the substrate is 100% colonized they are ready to be birthed.


    1. Open the jars and place the lids on the Perlite in the terrarium.

    2. Turn each jar upside down and bang it on a counter. The cake will just slide out of the jar.

    3. Place the cake on a lid inside the terrarium (as shown below).


    Figure 6: Cakes are birthed into terrarium.Half of them have been dunked and rolled

    4. At this stage you can “dunk & roll”, which gave me a much better result than direct birth. Instead of placing the cakes directly into the terrarium, place them in a large pot full of distilled water and weigh them down with a few dinner plates (so they are submerged in water). Leave them there for 24 hours. Remove them from the water and roll them in fresh vermiculite.

    5. Once the cakes are in the terrarium, replace the cover and sit them somewhere that they’ll get indirect sunlight, like on the floor of a spare room. They don’t need sunlight, just indirect sunlight. If this isn’t available then a fluorescent light on a 12/12 cycle is fine too.

    6. 3 times a day, remove the lid from the terrarium and fan the inside by waving the lid vigorously over the terrarium. This releases CO2 buildup.

    7. Make sure the terrarium is always at 99%+ humidity. If not then just pour a few cups of water over the Perlite and ensure the lid has a tight fit.

    8. Keep the temperature 10 degrees cooler than it was during incubation (70F-80F)

    Attached Files:

  9.  
    malbulja

    malbulja Well-Known Member

    After a few weeks, the cakes will begin to show small bulbs with brown heads developing. Most of these will remain pins (aborts) but some will grow into full sized mushrooms. Once pins start to develop, it only takes a few days for the pins to grow into ripe mushrooms. When the veil on the underside of the mushroom head starts to tear, it’s at it’s peak and needs to be harvest.

    Figure 7: Several mushrooms have passed peak harvest time. As soon as a veil is starting to break, it needs to be harvested.

    Figure 8: A days harvest for 3 cakes. They will sit on the paper towel is a cool dry place for 3 days to dry.


    1. You can consume the mushrooms fresh but they don’t last long so it’s recommended that you properly dry them out

    2. Place the picked mushrooms on a paper towel, taking care that they don’t touch one another. Set the paper towel on a plate above the fridge, or a well ventilated, cool place. Keep out of direct sunlight.

    3. Once you have harvested a cake, you can dunk & roll it, where you soak it in water for 24 hours and roll it in vermiculite and then place it back in the terrarium. This will result in the cake producing another harvest. You can get 3-5 harvests off a single cake using this technique!


    Figure 9: First flush (harvest) results in 19g of dried product! These cakes will go on to produce triple that amount with very little effort.


    Attached Files:

  10.  
    T@ll T33

    T@ll T33 Well-Known Member

    Plain and simple nice!!!
  11.  
    chitownsmoking

    chitownsmoking Guest

    you would have gotten triple or more if cased to cow shit and or straw
  12.  
    bulletproofhoodies

    bulletproofhoodies Well-Known Member

    could you give me the name of a good website where the spores can be purchased? is the hawks eye a reliable site?
  13.  
    victozap

    victozap Well-Known Member

    Wow, really great guide.

    + Rep man.
  14.  
    malbulja

    malbulja Well-Known Member

    Yes, a simple casing would have increased the yield at least by 3-fold, but then this wouldn't be PF-TEK for the Absolute Beginner. The PF-TEK is based on BR/F cakes and not casings.
  15.  
    T@ll T33

    T@ll T33 Well-Known Member


    shroomery.org has great link sites with awesome reviews for spore ill shop of spore ive ordered from them fast but my syringes weren't locked with spores though
  16.  
    bulletproofhoodies

    bulletproofhoodies Well-Known Member

    thanks for the reply i've checked out shroomery before for and in depth guide to growing shrroms (that i recomend to anyone) but i have never actually ordered any spores but know of close friends who have ordered spores from the hawks eye and 101
  17.  
    malbulja

    malbulja Well-Known Member

    I use Sporeworks but I hear good things about Ralphsters.

    It should be noted for the newbies that Psilocybe Cubensis spores are completely legal in every US state other than Idaho, Georgia, and California (they're legal in California unless it can be proven that you have the intent to cultivate them). So there is no need to worry about breaking the law by purchasing them.
  18.  
    bulletproofhoodies

    bulletproofhoodies Well-Known Member

    they are illegal in all other states even if intended to be studied under a microscope for scientific research?
  19.  
    malbulja

    malbulja Well-Known Member

    No, spores are not illegal anywhere in the US except the 3 states I mentioned above.

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Psilocybe_cubensis

    Legality

    It is illegal in many countries to possess psilocybin-containing mushrooms or mycelium (which can contain psychoactive substances at certain stages). However, it is legal in most places to own and sell the spores of these mushrooms. In the United States only the psychoactive compounds (see above) are scheduled under federal law. The spores do not contain either, however, possession of spores is prohibited by state law in Idaho and Georgia; while California doesn't prohibit their possession, they do have a law specifically preventing possession with intent to produce psilocybin mushrooms.[7]"
  20.  
    bulletproofhoodies

    bulletproofhoodies Well-Known Member

    oh im sorry i misread your post i thought you ment they were ILLEGAL in all the states except those three my bad

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