How-To: Connect your PC fan to a 12v Adaptor

Discussion in 'Indoor Growing' started by xGanjaFarmer, Nov 11, 2009.

  1.  
    xGanjaFarmer

    xGanjaFarmer Member

    Hey everybody, I found this awesome tutorial over on grasscity on how to wire a regular pc fan to any 12v adaptor. This was written by MushuHappiness, thanks man! :leaf::leaf::leaf::leaf::leaf::leaf::leaf::leaf::leaf::leaf::leaf::leaf::leaf:

    Hello Ladies and Gentleman, Mushu here. After seeing how practically everyone doing Micro grows or even Cab grows likes to use PC/Axial fans to Ventilate/Cool their grows, thought I'd post this little "How To" to connect your PC/Axial fans to a 12v DC Adapter.

    Purpose/Use: For everyone that is always concerned about how to cool their Micro/Cab grows by using PC/Axial fans but was unsure of how to power these awesome puppies. No longer will you need a PC Power Supply(PSU) or have to buy AC axial fans that cost $10-$20

    Sorry if pictures are not up to everyones specs, they were taken using a camera phone :headbange

    Lets get started!

    First off... You'll need a 12v AC to DC power adapter. You can buy these at almost any place that carries electronics. You will need to figure out how many Amps you will need based on the types of fans you plan on using. Most PC/Axial fans draw less than .35A(350 miliAmps), and I have yet to see one that draws more than .3 in actuality. For 2 or more fans(again, depending on the amps being drawn) You will want one that has an output of 1000+mAs(or 1.0 Amp)

    You can also find adjustable AC/DC adapters to select the voltage to use for your fans to quiet them down, great for use during the lights off hours to keep air moving quietly through your grow space. Not recommended to go below 6Vs for your fans. Adjustable AC/DC adapters should be used in a parallel wiring setup.

    PLEASE NOTE: When wiring your fans, try and use the same exact same fans. Use one adapter for 120mm, another for 80mms, and so on. Also, the way I have mine wired are paralleled, meaning they're both hooked up at the same connection to get the full 12v(FanxFan -2-Adapter). If you want to use a "chain",meaning, one fan is wired to another fan, and then that fan is connected to the adapter... Fan-2-Fan-2-adapter, the voltage on each fan will be cut in half. Remember this as you decide how much air you want to move, or if your fans become too loud. To chain fans, your fans MUST be the same otherwise they will not function properly and could cause problems.

    Mine that I am using is a very old one I had lying around from somewhere.. I think it was used to power a Ethernet hub.. im not sure.

    Specs:
    Input: 120VAC 60HZ 24W
    Output: 12VDC 1.2A

    [​IMG]

    -------------------------------
    Next: You want to have One or more PC/Axial fans(The purpose of this "How To" :bashhead: ). You can find these at www.newegg.com, www.xoxide.com, www.tigerdirect.com, or at your local electronics store.

    I'm using 2 80mm fans that I pulled from old computers. They push around 35-40CFMs a piece and are silent over my ceiling fan(I have to put my ear real close to even hear them). You will have a hard time hearing PC/Axial fans unless the DBA is above about 35-40dba.

    [​IMG]

    -------------------------------
    Next: Cut the connectors off both your PC/Axial fans so that your only left with the actual wires. You may need to split the wires apart if they are connected together. Then Strip all wires so there is enough room to connect them all together.

    Also, on MOST DC Adapters, the wires will have some sort of indicator on the wires so you can tell White from Black... On this one, there is a white indicator that runs the length of the wire, this is your white, the other one is your black. Do NOT cross these two wires.

    [​IMG]

    -------------------------------
    Next: Take both Black wires of the PC/Axial fans(They are almost ALWAYS color coded, have to see some that are not). And either use electrical tape or shrinkwrap to connect them together. Do the same for the Red(or White) Wires.

    DO NOT LET THE BLACK AND RED WIRES TOUCH!!!!!! :bashhead: :bashhead: :bashhead:

    [​IMG]

    -------------------------------
    Next:
    1. Connect your Red PC/Axial wires to the Adapters WHITE wire.
    2. Connect your Black PC/Axial wires to the Adapters BLACK wire.

    [​IMG]

    -------------------------------
    Thats it! Make sure you use Electrical tape, or Shrinkwrap(Best choice I think, but i did not have any on hand, so i taped the heck out of em [​IMG] )

    Your finish product should look like this....

    [​IMG]

    And after you plug it in?

    [​IMG]

    Viola!! Working PC/Axial fans that can be plugged safely into a wall outlet or powerstrip for your ease of use [​IMG]

    Enjoy Guys! And keep on Tokin an Growin :rasta:
    luvvin growin and luckydog82 like this.
  2.  
    xGanjaFarmer

    xGanjaFarmer Member

    great for rubbermaid :D :leaf::leaf::leaf::leaf::leaf::leaf::leaf::leaf::leaf::leaf::leaf:
  3.  
    luckydog82

    luckydog82 Active Member

    That is just what i was looking for thanks
  4.  
    xGanjaFarmer

    xGanjaFarmer Member

    haha, i said the same thing, its perfect for any microgrow :bigjoint:
  5.  
    xGanjaFarmer

    xGanjaFarmer Member

  6.  
    luvvin growin

    luvvin growin Active Member

    +rep for the DIY,very useful.
  7.  
    zeenon53

    zeenon53 Active Member

    Yes, good work. I haven't done this but it will work just fine.
  8.  
    blowsnow

    blowsnow Member

    this 80 mm fan i have has three colors, red, black, and white. is it still possible to hook up to a 12V adapter?
  9.  
    kingballer12

    kingballer12 Member

    hi i have the same problem as the post before me i have red white and blue wired fans what do i do?
  10.  
    purplehazin

    purplehazin Well-Known Member

    Either the red or blue wire is just to tell your computer the speed at which the fan is running. So, since it's not being used for a computer, you can either cut it off or leave it hanging. TO figure out which wire has the power, connect the red/white and plug it in, then if it doesnt work try the blue/white.
  11.  
    kingballer12

    kingballer12 Member

  12.  
    amkha69

    amkha69 Member

    I have an Intel fand that has four wires, black, blue,yellow, green. would you know which wire would be the positive. Thanks in Advance
  13.  
    littledevil661

    littledevil661 Member

    wouldnt the led fan mess with the flowering stage of the plant. i have the same fan but 120mm.
  14.  
    Kerovan

    Kerovan Well-Known Member

  15.  
    Derple

    Derple Well-Known Member

    thanks man :) much appreciated.
  16.  
    micha808

    micha808 Member

    dudes i need help please :)
    bought 2 12v pc fans to cool my small grow box
    tryied connecting to a 9v ac adapter ..
    worked for a second .. and i didnt notice it to stop .. i stoped it intentionaly and tryied connecting the 2 fans properly
    as my test run seemed to go well .. i wired everything together .. but nothing worked. .
    then i went and tried every combination possible with the 2 fans ! and notice i only tried 1 of them at the begining ...
    anyway nothing works
    the ac adapter works ... im checked ..
    but fans are dead !!!
    what did i do wrong ? how could i kill a fan so quickly without even a little smoke ... smell or anything actualy ...
    how can i avoid this problem again .. because i must work with pc fans ..
    im low on space and trying to keep all the space possible for the plants
    pleeeaaasssseee help .. this basicly ruined my whole week :D
  17.  
    mr greenthumbs

    mr greenthumbs Member

    i basically just took 2 old fone chargers, sniped leads, bared wires, one is red other black or yellow.]

    just hook up red charger cable to red pc cable wire, and black/yellow charger wire to black fan wire, snip any other pc wires, not need, mines work a charm, fone chargers are 9v but can run a 12v fan without burnout.. hope this helps as its not the voltage thatll be blowing it but the amps..
  18.  
    Ndodson79605

    Ndodson79605 Active Member

    For those of you having problems with multi-wired fans, my advice would be to buy them with only the 2 wires. Just search the internet for 2 pin PC fans. Hopefully that helps. They're usually only a buck or 2 a piece.
  19.  
    KINGJOHNC

    KINGJOHNC Member

    good post, photographs included.

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