Unfortunately, what you ask is quite a task! There are answers to your questions throughout this site as well as several others. It tkes a lot of time to sift through it all. Also, you must take everything with "a grain of salt" because there are things that work well for one person that are disasterous for others. Every grower on here had to find their own methods of success; trial and error if you will. But a lot can be avoided by doing the research here. Just look up your questions in the search feature, odds are, you'll find many answers there. Many grow journals will answer questions before you even think of them to ask. If you don't find what you seek at first, people will rally to your questions sooner than later. Great bunch of people here. Remember this, EVERYONE had to start with their first grow. Each successive grow makes us better. We have all made mistakes (Lord knows I have my share and more) but people here will tel about this too. Sometimes learning what NOT to do is more valuable than what to do... One thing I recommend is to start with soil and move on from there (Hydroponics) if you decide to expand. I would also experiment with some bag seed (free) before I started worrying about strains. Even the best, most potent strain will not produce if you do not provide the plant with her essential environmental factors such as light, temperature, nutrients, protection from bugs and pathogens and etc., etc., etc.... etc.