was widely used as an entheogen
by many of the indigenous peoples of Siberia
. Its use was known among almost all of the Uralic
-speaking peoples of western Siberia and the Paleosiberian
-speaking peoples of the Russian Far East
. However, there are only isolated reports of A. muscaria
use among the Tungusic
and Turkic peoples
of central Siberia and it is believed that entheogenic use of A. muscaria
was largely not a practice of these peoples.
In western Siberia, the use of A. muscaria
was restricted to shamans
, who used it as an alternate method of achieving a trance state. (Normally, Siberian shamans achieve a trance state by prolonged drumming and dancing.) In eastern Siberia, A. muscaria
was used by both shamans and laypeople alike, and was used recreationally as well as religiously.
In eastern Siberia, the shaman
would consume the mushrooms, and others would drink his urine.
This urine, still containing psychoactive elements, may actually be more potent than the A. muscaria
mushrooms with fewer negative effects, such as sweating and twitching, suggesting that the initial user may act as a screening filter for other components in the mushroom